Enemy Image

Elise Boulding talks about interacting with "others."
Pamela Aall, of the U.S. Institute of Peace, observes that even educators in conflict zones seem to have (or at least teach) a very simplistic and biased view of the conflict they are involved in.
Maria Volpe discusses how negative images of "the other" can present long-standing obstacles to conflict resolution, making conflicts intractable.
Morton Deutsch explains how both sides must realize that they are contributing to a conflict's intractability too--it isn't just "the other."
Mark Gerzon talks about the divisive stereotypes that contribute to poor inter-party relationships in the House of Representatives.
Nancy Ferrell explains how you need to overtly change erroneous perceptions and work hard to figure out what those perceptions are.