Preventive Diplomacy and Violence Prevention

In General:

Lowell Ewert talks about preventing violence by promoting human rights.
Ray Shonholtz, Director of Partners for Democratic Change, developed the San Francisco Community Mediation Boards as a way to keep young people out of the juvenile court system. Here he talks about the development and philosophies of the Community Boards and their role as violence prevention mechanisms. He suggests that this new form of dispute resolution is a valuable alternative to the Court system.
Dennis Sandole briefly explains how different response modes may be needed to use in concert to prevent violence.
Dennis Sandole explains that transitions between paradigms is very difficult and is often fraught with an upsurge in violence.
Dennis Sandole explains that force is sometimes needed to prevent violent conflict from escalating.

Case Examples:

Ray Shonholtz talks about the San Francisco Community Boards as an approach to limiting or preventing community violence.
William Ury begins explaining his role in trying to prevent a civil war in Venezuela, where the country is extremely polarized between those who support the president and those who oppose him.
William Ury tells how he managed to build trust with the leaders in Venezuela and through shuttle diplomacy and focusing on their interests got them working together to prevent violence.
William Ury describes how, with help from key outside people, all levels of society have become engaged in the effort to prevent massive violence in Venezuela.
Dick Salem describes a grassroots peacebuilding and violence prevention program with gangs in El Salvador.
Dick Salem describes the work of a local peacebuilding coordinating committee in El Salvador.